Effect of Stretching Exercise on Preeclampsia; Quasi Experimental Study
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy induced hypertensive disorder mostly appear in second trimester onwards. Pregnancy results in increase in volume of blood, cardiac output and increase in stroke volume as well. Role of physical activity has been tested previously with no definite results. Focusing on specific methods such as stretching is under debate in order to find out active ingredient of physical activity that stabilizes blood pressure.
OBJECTIVE: To determine effect of stretching on preeclampsia in pregnancy.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was quasi experimental study conducted on pregnant women with symptoms of preeclampsia dividing into two groups on stretching exercise program and routine care, without randomization on basis of convenient. The outcome measures were systolic and diastolic pressure, heart rate. Demographics included age, body mass index, gestational age, number of pregnancies and daily routine. Data was analyzed in SPSS 20.0. Frequency/ percentage, mean standard deviation was calculated for demographics. Active variables were tested with independent samples t test and paired samples t test.
RESULTS: The results of comparison of systolic/ diastolic blood pressure and heart rate means after treatment showed difference of 4.160/ 4.440 and 2.240, respectively, with p value 0.000 showing significant difference all variables. Within group difference was significant for stretching group for all variables while routine care group showed a non-significant difference for diastolic blood pressure and heart with p values 0.634 and 0.791, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study concluded that stretching exercises can prevent and reduce preeclampsia as compared to routine care in pregnant women.
KEYWORDS: Preeclampsia, Physical Activity, Stretching, Physical Therapy, Hypertensive Disorder
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