Publication Ethics Policy

Publication Ethics Policy

Northwest Journal of Medical Sciences is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics. To ensure the integrity and quality of the research published in our journals, we expect all authors, editors, and reviewers to adhere to the following ethical guidelines. These guidelines are based on the recommendations and standards set forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM), and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

Duties of Editors:

  1. Publication Decision:
    1. The editor is responsible for the decision to accept or reject a submitted manuscript based on its originality, significance, clarity, and relevance to the journal's scope.
    2. The editor should consider copyright infringement and plagiarism issues during the evaluation process.
  2. Fair Play:
    1. Manuscripts should be evaluated solely based on their scientific merit, without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy.
  3. Confidentiality:
    1. The editor and editorial staff must maintain the confidentiality of all submitted manuscripts.
    2. Information from submitted manuscripts should only be disclosed to the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  4. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:
    1. The editor and editorial board members should not use unpublished materials from submitted manuscripts for their own research without the written consent of the author.
    2. Any conflicts of interest that may influence editorial decisions should be disclosed and managed appropriately.

Duties of Reviewers:

  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions:
    1. Reviewers should assist the editor and editorial board in making editorial decisions.
    2. They should provide constructive feedback to help authors improve the quality of their manuscripts.
  2. Promptness:
    1. Reviewers who feel unqualified or unable to review a manuscript should promptly inform the editor and recuse themselves from the review process.
  3. Confidentiality:
    1. Reviewers must treat the manuscripts they receive for review as confidential documents.
    2. They should not disclose or discuss the content with others without authorization from the editor.
  4. Standards of Objectivity:
    1. Reviews should be conducted objectively, avoiding personal criticism of the author.
    2. Reviewers should express their views clearly and provide supporting arguments.
  5. Acknowledgement of Sources:
    1. Reviewers should identify any relevant published work that has not been cited in the manuscript.
    2. They should also alert the editor to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and other published works known to them.
  6. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest:
    1. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest.
    2. Any information or ideas obtained through the peer review process should be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Duties of Authors:

  1. Reporting Standards:
    1. Authors should provide accurate and detailed accounts of their research.
    2. The paper should include sufficient information and references to enable others to replicate the work.
    3. Fraudulent or inaccurate statements are considered unethical and unacceptable.
  2. Data Access and Retention:
    1. Authors should be prepared to provide the raw data of their study for editorial review and make it publicly available, ensuring accessibility for at least ten years after publication.
    2. Data should be made available through appropriate repositories while respecting participant confidentiality and legal rights.
  3. Originality, Plagiarism, and Acknowledgement of Sources:
    1. Authors should submit only original work and appropriately cite or quote the work and words of others.
    2. Prior publications that influenced the reported work should be acknowledged and referenced.
  4. Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication:
    1. Submitting the same paper to multiple journals simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable.
    2. Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal.
  5. Authorship of the Paper:
    1. Authorship should be limited to those who have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study.
    2. All co-authors should approve the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.
  6. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:
    1. Authors should disclose any financial or substantive conflicts of interest that may influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript.
    2. All sources of financial support for the project should be acknowledged.
  7. Fundamental Errors in Published Works: 
    1. If authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their published work, they must promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate to retract or correct the paper through an erratum.